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THE ROMAN PERIOD  
 
Bukovača, a small village next to Drinić, had been divided after the Dayton Agreement between two entities: Republic of Srpska and BH Federation. A pure coincidence or something else, but Bukovača always was a place of importance. The archaeological findings in Bukovača indicate that the area had always been inhabited. Stražbenica, a hill in Bukovača, is not just another ordinary hill; this hill is specific not just for its name (which is derived from a word stražar-security), but also for the old Roman jewelry, old Roman money, pieces of solders uniforms and weapons, etc. that had been found here.Furthermore, below the hill near the road there is an old Roman mile-meter indicator. It is known that these stone indicators were placed exactly 1 mile from each other. The travelers would use these stone mile-meters in the same way we use road signals today. They would know how far they had been travelling and how long it will take to reach a destination. Accordingly, they would know how far they are from Rome. Perhaps that is way we have today an expression that says :”All paths lead to Rome”.
   
The stone posts that were up to 2m high and 0.5m wide marked all Roman roads. These stone posts were erected on every 1000 feet (i.e. 1 mile = 1.481km) and acted as indicators for the travelers. Their function was exactly the same as the function of modern road signs. These mile-meters acted not only as the indicators of the way, but also showed how far is the particular destination. In addition, it is interesting to mention that all old Roman roads and mile- meters started from Rome, so a traveler could easily tell how far he was not just from the village or city he wanted to reach, but also from Rome. Hence the expression: “All roads lead to Rome.”
   
Bukovača, a small village next to Drinić, and Stražbenica, a hill in Bukovača, had been divided after the Dayton Agreement between two entities: Republic of Srpska and BH Federation.
 
Stražbenica
in early spring
Stražbenica, by pastel painter Zoran Gligić
 

Mr. Kačar an amateur archeologist, who always believed that on the top of Strazbenica Roman solders had been stationed permanently, found many interesting pieces on this hill. Copper jewelry, broken pieces of pots, silver money etc. are just some of these findings by Mr. Kačar.
The hill provided perfect position for someone who wanted to have control of the area says Mr. Kačar. Roman solders used this position to control the road that runs below the hill. “But why would they control the road and why did that road have such a great importance?” you might ask yourself. Mr. Kačar thinks that he knows the answer. He believes that this road is indeed the famous “Salt Path” hence its importance. Back then salt was so precious that the soldiers were protectors of the very important caravans which transported salt inland.

 



Reconstruction of the gate of the roman fort

It is obvious that the hill had been a very important strategic place during the Roman Empire, hence the fort and many soldiers.
This is a picture of roman soldier that used to live in Bukovača.
 

Thanks to archeological discoveries on the Stražbenica, a hill in Bukovača, we know that on the top of this hill a fort existed. Many soldiers as well as their wives and kids lived here.

 



Broken pieces of pots
Fibula
Copper jewelry

Broken carving pieces of pots
 

at the top

 
 
made by SiZ